What is diabetes? Diabetes is a complex condition which affects the body’s ability to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone formed in the pancreas that helps to regulate the amount of glucose in the body cells. When a person has diabetes, their body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or it produces insulin but isn’t able to use it properly. This causes sugar to build up in the person’s blood. What are the types of diabetes?
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
- Feeling very hungry or thirsty (despite eating often)
- Frequent urination
- Feeling very tired
- Blurred vision
- Cuts take longer to heal
- Pain in the hands and feet (Type 2 diabetes)
Diagnosis: Your doctor can diagnose diabetes through blood tests. The blood tests indicate if your blood sugar is high. They glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test is most common. This blood sugar generally indicates your average blood sugar during the previous 2-3 months. If the results from A1C are not consistent, your doctor may resort to other alternative tests such as a fasting blood sugar test or a random blood sugar test. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will work with you to develop a diabetes management plan that is best suited for your individual needs. To keep your blood sugar aligned your doctor may suggest you to regularly test your blood sugar and keep your diabetes in check by improving your lifestyle decisions such as your diet and exercise. Make sure that you talk to your doctor or healthcare professional if you have any questions or concerns.