What is an Allergy?
An allergy is our immune system’s response to foreign harmless substances in our body. These substances are known as allergens. Allergens create no problem for people who don’t have allergies. Some common examples of allergens include dust, pollen, pet shed dander. The function of our immune system to The allergic reaction is the body’s “mistake” reaction because it perceives harmless substances as a threat to the body and attacks it.
What are the types of Allergies?
- Drug Allergy
- Mold Allergy
- Food Allergy
- Insect Allergy
- Latex Allergy
- Pet Allergy
- Pollen Allergy
What are the symptoms of Allergy?
The most common symptoms of an allergic reaction are as follows:
- Itchy, Runny or blocked nose
- Itchy, red eyes
- Rash or redness on skin
- Feeling sick (stomach pain, vomiting)
Allergies can be diagnosed in several ways.
- Your doctor may check your medical history or your family’s medical history and ask about the symptoms you are experiencing
- The doctor will ask about your lifestyle and eating habits
- Your doctor may perform a physical exam which involves paying close attention to your skin, eyes, ears, nose, throat, chest.
- Your doctor could also conduct allergy tests such as patch test, blood test or skin test to assist your doctor in making a diagnosis
Allergy symptoms can be treated with over the counter and prescribed medicines. Understanding your triggers and avoiding them is also necessary.